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我国市场监管现代化指标体系探索

来源:光明网-学术频道2019-12-03 10:37

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  作者:首都经济贸易大学城市经济与公共管理学院院长、教授 张国山,首都经济贸易大学教授 刘智勇,首都经济贸易大学讲师 闫志刚

  摘要:金融行业市场监管现代化是国家治理体系和市场经济体系现代化的客观要求。时下,从经济基础到上层建筑,我们均面临着市场监管现代化的挑战。探讨市场监管现代化指标体系,有利于深化对市场监管及其发展方向的认识,提高现代化水平。文章在梳理我国市场监管发展演进的历史和逻辑基础上,基于市场监管基本理论,借鉴OECD国家等黄金配资 监管经验与原则方法,从中国国情、监管实践、现实政策和新时代发展方向出发,提炼出由7项准则、5个一级指标、26个二级指标构成的市场监管现代化指标体系,并对体系的准则、指标、要点进行了分析释义,以期对我国市场监管理论与实践有所启发和裨益。

  关键词:市场监管;现代化;指标体系;准则指标

  一、市场监管现代化及其指标体系的意义

  (YI)SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUASHIGUOJIAZHILITIXIHESHICHANGJINGJITIXIXIANDAIHUADEKEGUANYAOQIU

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金融行业  ZAIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONG,BANSUICHANYELILIANGDEZHUANGDAHESHICHANGJINGJIDEFAZHAN,YIJIXIANGYINGSHIMINSHEHUIDEZHUANGDA、MINZHUZHENGZHIDEFAZHAN,ZHENGFUJIQIZHINENGFANWEIYUFANGSHIFASHENGLISHIXINGBIANHUA,GUOJIAZHILITIXIFASHENGJIEGOUXINGGAIBIAN。JIANGUANZHINENGDEXINGQISHIQIZHONGDEZHONGYAOTEZHENG。黄金配资 SHANG,19SHIJIMO20SHIJICHU,YICHANGJIANGUANXINGGUOJIA(Regulatory State)JIANSHEYUNDONGZAISHIJIEFANWEINEIXINGQI,①SHICHANGJIANGUANCHENGWEIJIANGUANXINGGUOJIADEZHONGYAOZHINENG。KEYISHUO,(SHICHANG)JIANGUANXINGGUOJIAGAINIANYIJINGTICHU,JIUJIANGGUOJIAZHENGFUZAIYIGUIZHISHOUDUANJIUZHENGSHICHANGSHILINGGUOCHENGZHONGDEZUOYONGZUOWEIGUANZHUDIAN。[1]

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金融行业  SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUASHISHICHANGJIANGUANBUDUANCHAOYUECHUANTONG、ZOUXIANGXIANDAI、RIQUKEXUEHEJINBUDEGUOCHENG。WOGUODESHICHANGJIANGUANKEZHUISUDAOGAIGEKAIFANGZHICHU,BANSUIGAIGEKAIFANGHESHICHANGJINGJIDEFAYUFAZHANGUOCHENG,40NIANLIJINGLIDUOGEJIEDUAN,FASHENGLEDIEDAIDEBIANHUA,QUDELEZHANGZUJINZHAN。BIZHEQINGXIANGYUJIANGWOGUOGAIGEKAIFANGYILAIDESHICHANGJIANGUANFENWEICHUANTONGJIANGUANJIEDUAN(1978-1992)、GUIFANJIANGUANJIEDUAN(1993-2001)、XIANDAIJIANGUANDEGUODUJIEDUAN(2002-2011)、XIANDAIJIANGUANTUIJINJIEDUAN(2012NIANYILAI)。MEIYIJIEDUANDOUYOUJIANGUANZHENGCE、JIANGUANLINIANHEJIANGUANFANGSHIGENGDIEYUESHENGDEBIAOZHI,ZHEIYESHIZHUBUSHIXIANXIANDAIHUASHENGJIDEJIEDIAN。QIZHONG,SHISIDAHOU“SHICHANGJIANDUGUANLI”DETICHU、SHILIUDAHOU“SHICHANGJIANGUAN”DETICHU,JIANGWOGUOSHICHANGJIANGUANZHENGTITUISHANGLEXIANDAIHUADEFAZHANPINGTAI,ERSHIBADAHOU“SHANGSHIZHIDUGAIGE”“FANGGUANFUGAIGE”YIJISHIJIUDAHOUDANGHEGUOJIAJIGOUGAIGEZHONGGUOJIASHICHANGJIANDUGUANLIZONGJUDEZUJIAN,ZEKAIQILESHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUADEJIASUSHENGJICONGERJINRUSHIZHIXINGTUIJINDEXIANDAIHUAJIEDUAN。ZAIZHEIYIJINCHENGZHONG,SUIZHESHICHANGJINGJIGAIGEDEBUDUANSHENHUA,SHICHANGJIANGUANDEZHINENGDIWEIRIYITUXIAN,SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUABUJINCHENGWEIKEXUEGAOXIAOSHICHANGJIANGUANTIXIDEZHONGYAOZHUASHOU,YESHITUIDONGZHENGFUZHINENGZHUANBIAN,CUJINZHENGFUZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。

金融行业  (ER)SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIDEZHONGYAOYIYI

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金融行业  ZHIBIAOTIXISHIZHENGTIFANYINGSHIWUZHUANGTAIDEJIBENYAOSUJIQIBIAOZHUNYIYIDEBIAOZHITIXI,QIYIYIZAIYUDUISHIWUYOULEQUANMIANBAWO、ZHENGTILEJIEHEJIBENRENSHIDEJICHUSHANG,TONGGUODUIGOUCHENGSHIWUDEJIBENYAOSUJINXINGKEXUETIQUHEGUINA,BINGDUIQIJINXINGFENLIANGFUZHI(LIANGHUA)HUOXIHUAYIYI(ZHIHUA),YISHIXIANDUISHIWURENSHIDESHENHUA、JUTIHUA、QINGXIHUA,TONGSHIFAHUICHUYINDAO、PINGCEGONGNENG。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,WOGUOSHICHANGJIANGUANZHANGQICHUYUJUYUFENGBI、JINGYANGUANLI、BUSHOUZHONGSHISHENZHIBEISHOUZHENGYIDEZHUANGTAI,DANGDESHISIDAYIHOUKAISHINULIZOUCHUZHEIZHONGZHUANGTAI,DEDAOJIAOQIANGDELILUNZHENGCEZHICHI。DANRUQIANSUOSHU,SHANGCUNMINGXIANWENTIYUCHAJU。SHIBADAHOU,SHICHANGJIANGUANCONGLILUN、ZHENGCEDAOGAIGESHIJIAN,QUANMIANZOUDAOSHICHANGJINGJIWUTAIZHONGYANGHEQIANYAN,JINRUKEXUEJIANGUANJIEDUAN。SUIZHEKEXUEJIANGUANSHIDAIDELAILIN,SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIDETANSUOYIYIFEIFAN,BUJINYOUZHUYUDUISHICHANGJIANGUANXIANSHIJUXIANGHUAHEFAZHANQIANZHANXINGDERENSHI,FAHUISHIJIANGONGNENG,TUIDONGSHICHANGJIANGUANCONGJINGYANCHUANTONGZOUXIANGKEXUEXIANDAI,ERQIEBENSHENJIUSHISHICHANGJIANGUANZOUXIANGKEXUEHUADEBIAOZHI。

  二、市场监管现代化指标体系的黄金配资 经验与借鉴

  SUIRANMINGQUEDESHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIJIHUFASHANKECHEN,DANCONGXIANGJINGAINIANDESHIZHINEIHANLAIKAN,黄金配资 SHANGYIXIEXIANGGUANZHIBIAOTIXIRENGKEZIJIEJIAN。JUYOUJIAOQIANGYINGXIANGLIDESHIYIXIE黄金配资 ZUZHITICHUDEYUSHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAXIANGGUANDEJIANGUANJIXIAOZHIBIAOTIXI。

  SHIJIEYINXINGMEINIANFABUDE《YINGSHANGHUANJINGBAOGAO》TONGGUOGOUJIAN11ZHONGKELIANGHUADEPINGJIAZHIBIAODUIJINGJITIDESHANGYEJIANGUANHUANJINGJINXINGPINGJIA,ZHIBIAODEGOUJIANJIYUZHONGDUOXUEZHEHEYOUGUANJIGOUGUANYUSHANGYEJIANGUANDUIJINGJIJIEGUOYINGXIANGDEYANJIU,HANGAILEYIGEQIYECONGSHELIDAOQINGSUANDEQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQI。GAI《BAOGAO》PINGCEZHIBIAOYINGYONGJIAOGUANG,YUSHICHANGJIANGUANJUYOUJIAOGAODEXIANGGUANDU,YOUCANKAOYIYI。

  SHIJIEYINXING1996NIANCHUANGSHEDE“SHIJIEZHILIZHIBIAO”ZHONGDELIUXIANGJUTIZHIBIAO:HUAYUQUANHEWENZE、ZHENGZHIWENDINGXINGHEWUBAOLUANHUOKONGBUZHUYI、ZHENGFUYOUXIAOXING、JIANGUANZHILIANG、FAZHICHENGDU、FUBAIKONGZHI,YEFEICHANGZHIDEJIEJIAN。QIZHONG,“JIANGUANZHILIANG”ZHIBIAOZHUYAOSHIHENGLIANGZHENGFUJIANGUANZAICUJINSIRENBUMENFAZHANFANGMIANDENENGLI,QILAIYUANSHUJUKUZHIYIDESHIJIEJINGJILUNTANQUANQIUJINGZHENGLIBAOGAOZHUYAOPINGJIAQIGEFANGMIANNEIRONG:ZHENGFUJIANGUANDEFUDAN、SHUISHOUFANWEIHEXIAOGUO、MAOYIBILEIDEPUBIANXING、BENDIJINGZHENGDEJILIECHENGDU、CHUANGYEBIANLIDU、FANLONGDUANZHENGCEDEYOUXIAOXING、HUANJINGFAGUIDEYANGECHENGDU。[2]JIANGUANFANWEIJIAOKUAN,DANZAIJIANGUANZHIXIANGSHANGBUFAJIEJIANYIYI。

  YINGGUOHAIWAIFAZHANZUZHI(The Overseas Development In­stitute,ODI)ZAIJIEDINGZHILIGAINIANNEIHANJICHUSHANGTICHULEDUIMOUGEZHENGTIZHILIZHUANGKUANGJINXINGPINGJIADEZHIBIAOTIXI,QIZHONGBAOHANJIANGUANPINGJIADENEIRONG。ODIDUIZHILIGUANSHEDESHIMINSHEHUI、ZHENGZHI、ZHENGFU、GUANLIAOZUZHI、JINGJISHEHUIHESIFALIUGELINGYUYUCANYU、GONGPING、DETI、ZEREN、TOUMINGHEXIAONENGLIUXIANGZHUNZEXIANGJIEHE,YI36XIANGZHIBIAODUIMOUZHENGTIDELIUGEGONGGONGLINGYUJINXINGPINGGU,[3]QIZHONG,ZHENGFU、GUANLIAOZUZHIHEJINGJISHEHUISANGELINGYUYUSHICHANGJIANGUANGAODUXIANGGUAN,QIZHIBIAOJUYOUJIAOGAOCANKAOYIYI。

  JINGJIHEZUOYUFAZHANZUZHI(OECD)ZAISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAITICHUJIANGUANZHILIANGDEGAINIAN,FAZHANCHUYITAOJIANGUANZHILIANGGAINIANKUANGJIAYUPINGJIATIXI。1995NIANZAI《GAISHANZHENGFUJIANGUANZHILIANGDEJIANYI》ZHONGTICHUGOUCHENGJIANGUANGAINIANDESANYAOSU:JIANGUANZHENGCE、JIANGUANJIGOUHEJIANGUANGONGJU。1997NIANZAI《JIANGUANGAIGEDEZHENGCEJIANYI》ZHONGTICHULIANGHAOJIANGUANDEQIXIANGZHUNZE。[4]2005NIANDUI《JIANGUANZHILIANGYUJIXIAODEZHIDAOYUANZE》JINXINGXIUDINGWANSHAN。[5]GENJUCHENGYUANGUODEYIJIANHEXINDE《ZHIDAOYUANZE》SHEJI22GEWENTI,DUIYING17GEZHENGCELINGYU,DUIZHIBIAOFUYUBUTONGQUANZHONGTICHULEXIANGDUICHENGSHUDEFANGAN。

金融行业  YISHANGZHIBIAOTIXIDETANSUOYINGYONGWEIWOGUOSHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIDEGOUJIANJUYOUJIEJIANYIYI,ZHUYAOSHI:DIYI,CONGSHIJIEFANWEILAIKAN,WULUNSHIZHILIHAISHIJIANGUAN,GEJINGJITIHUOJINGJIZUZHIDOUJIAOZAOTICHULEXIANGYINGDEZHIBIAOTIXIYIGENGHAODICUJINZHENGFUDEZHILIBIANGEHEXIANDAIHUAJINCHENG。OECDGUOJIAZUIWEIDIANXING。DIER,ZHIBIAOZHUNZEDEQUELIFEICHANGZHONGYAO。OECDHEODIDEZHIBIAOSHEZHISHIYILIANGHAOJIANGUANZHILIANGZHUNZEHESHANZHIDEZHUNZEZUOWEIJICHU,ERZHIBIAONEIRONGXUANQUDEFANGFAXIANGDUIKEXUEERYOULINGHUO。DISAN,ZHONGSHIJIANGUANZHILIANGHEJIANGUANJIXIAODEPINGJIA。QIANSHUSHIJIEYINXINGHEOECDZHIBIAOTIXIDEJINGYANZHONG,JIANGUANZHILIANGHEJIANGUANJIXIAOJUNBEIZHIYUTUCHUDIWEI。DISI,ZHIBIAODEQUEDINGCHONGFENKAOLVJINGJITISHIJI。ZHIBIAOTIXIDEFENGFUHEWANSHANSHIYIGEJIANJINDELISHIYANJINGUOCHENG,XUJIEHEBENJINGJITISHIJIHEPINGGUSHIJIANBUDUANYOUHUA。RUOECDDEZHIBIAOSHEZHIJUYOUJIAOQIANGDESHIJIANJICHU,ZAIXUANQUZHIBIAOGUOCHENGZHONGZHUZHONGZONGJIEXISHOUCHENGYUANGUODESHIJIANJINGYANHEYIJIAN,BUDUANDUIZHIBIAOTIXIJINXINGWANSHAN。

  三、我国市场监管现代化的指标体系构建探索

  (YI)MINGQUEZHIBIAOTIXIJIBENYUANZE,QUEDINGZHIBIAOTIXIKUANGJIAJIEGOU

  DUIYUCHUANGJIANXINGGONGZUOLAISHUO,YUANZEGEWAIZHONGYAO,TAMENMINGQUELEGONGZUOFANGXIANG、BIANJIENAIZHIFANGFA,FAHUIZHEQIDONGHEZHIYINGONGNENG。SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIGOUJIANSHIYIXIANGCHUANGJIANXINGGONGZUO,LIBUKAIYIXILIEYUANZEFANGFADEQUELIHEYUNYONG。

金融行业  1.ZHIBIAOTIXIGOUJIANDEJIBENYUANZE

  JIUZHENGGEZHIBIAOTIXIDEGOUJIANERYAN,YINGJIANCHISANXIANGYUANZE,SHIYONGYUZHUNZE、ZHIBIAO、FENJIZHIBIAOYIJIZHENGTISHEJI。TAMENSHI:

金融行业  (1)ZHENGTIXINGYUANZE。ZHIBIAOSHEJI、XUANZE、QUEDINGYINGNENGGOUQUANMIANFANYINGSHICHANGJIANGUANDEZHENGTIZHUANGKUANG,JIYAOKEGUANFANYINGSHICHANGJIANGUANDEQUANMAO,YOUNENGDIANXINGFANYINGSHICHANGJIANGUANZHONGDIAN;JIYAOFANYINGSHICHANGJIANGUANZISHEN,YOUYAOFANYINGHONGGUANZHILIDESHIDAIJINGSHEN。LIQIUKEGUANZHENSHI。

  (2)XIANJINXINGYUANZE。XIANJINHUOJINBUSHIXIANDAIHUADEHEXIN,BAOKUOLINIANDEXIANJINXING、SIXIANGDEJINBUXING、FANGSHIFANGFADEKEXUEXING、JISHUSHOUDUANDEXIANJINXING、CHUANTONGYUXIANDAIDEJIANRONGXING、期货配资 YUGUOWAIDERONGHEXINGDENG。

  (3)CAOZUOXINGYUANZE。ZUOWEIYIZHONGJUYOUPINGJIA、DAOYINGONGNENGDEHENGLIANGBIAOZHUN,KECAOZUO,CAINENGFAHUIQIGONGNENGZUOYONG。ZHIBIAOBIAOZHUNYINGDANG“DINGTIANLIDI”,JIJUYOUGAODUHEQIANZHANXING,YOUJUYOUZUGOUDEGONGSHIHEGOUTONGDU,NENGYUXIANSHIJIEHE。

  2.ZHIBIAOTIXIKUANGJIAJIEGOU

金融行业  CONGKUANGJIAJIEGOUSHANG,ZONGTICAINAOECDGUOJIADE“ZHUNZE+ZHIBIAO”DEJIEGOUTIXI。

  SHOUXIAN,ZAIFANGFALUNYIYISHANG,JIEJIAN黄金配资 YIYOUXIANJINJINGYAN,YOULIYUKAIKUOSHIYE,SHAOZOUWANLU。QIANSHUSHIJIEYINXINGHEOECDSUOTICHUDEZHIBIAOJIEGOUTIXISHIZAISHIJIANZHONGFANFUDIAOZHENGXINGCHENGDE。YOUQISHIOECDJIANGUANZHILIANGPINGJIATIXIZHONGDESIWEIYIJIZHIBIAOTILIANDECHOUXIANGDUJIAOGAO、DIANXINGXINGQIANG,YUSHICHANGJIANGUANGAINIANHEYAOSUDELILUNWENHEDUGAO,FANYINGJIANGUANKUANGJIA,NANGKUOKAOCHAYAODIAN,FUHEZHENGTIXINGYUANZE。ZHUNZESHIYONGHEFUGAIQUANBUYIJIJICHU(HEXIN)ZHIBIAO。QISHEJIFANGFAZHOUMI,ZHENDUIXINGQIANG,XIAOGUOKEKAO,SHIDEZHIBIAOTIXIJIQIYIYIGENGJIAQUANMIAN、FENGFUHEBAOMAN,JIEGOUGUANXIGENGXIANLITIXING,ZAIKEXUEFANGFASHANGJUYOUKEQUXINGHEJIEJIANXING。

  QICI,GENJUZHIBIAOTIXIGOUJIANDEJIBENYUANZE,JIEHEWOGUOGUOQING,DUI“ZHUNZE+ZHIBIAO”JIEGOUDEZHIBIAOTIXIZUOCHUDIAOZHENGWANSHAN。QIANSHUOECDZHIBIAOTIXIDUIYUYIJINGXIANGDANGCHENGSHU、FADADESHICHANGHESHICHANGJINGJITILAISHUODATIHUOZUYIFANYINGSHICHANGJIANGUANDEZHUANGKUANG,GENGSHIHEOUMEICHENGSHUDESHICHANGJINGJITIXI。WOGUODESHICHANGHESHICHANGJINGJITIXISHANGBUFADA,ERQIEBUSHIDANYISHUIPINGYIYISHANGDEBUFADA,ERSHICANCHABUQI、DUOZHONGBUPINGHENGYIYISHANGDEBUFADA。ZHIJIE、JIANDANDIYUNYONGOECDSUOTICHUDEZHIBIAOTIXIHENGLIANGWOGUODESHICHANGJIANGUANNANMIANFASHENGGUAYILOUWANDEXIANXIANG,JIBIANSHIXIANSHILEQILUNKUOHEFENGDIAN,QUEKENENGHULVELEJICHUHEZHUTI,NANYIFANYINGZONGTISHENZHIBUNENGFANYINGSHIJIQINGKUANG。

  3.CHUANGSHEZHUNZENEIRONG,ZENGSHEYIJIZHIBIAO

金融行业  ZAIBAOLIUKUANGJIAJIEGOUZHONGDEZHUNZEXIANGXIA,GENJUWOGUOGUOQINGSHIJICHUANGSHEZHUNZEXINNEIRONG;ZAIYIJIZHIBIAOXIANGZHONG,ZENGSHEZHILIANGJIXIAOZHIBIAO。DIYI,BAOLIUOECD“ZHUNZE+ZHIBIAO”JIEGOUHEYIJIZHIBIAODEZHUTIBUFEN,DUIQIZHUNZENEIRONGJINXINGZHONGGOU。DIER,ZHENDUIWOGUOXIANJIEDUANSHICHANGZHIXU、HUANJINGWENTITUCHU,CHANGCHANGZHIJIE、PINFANBIAOXIANYUWAIDEXIANSHIQINGKUANGHETEDIAN,ZAIYUANYIJIZHIBIAOJICHUSHANG,ZENGJIA“ZHILIANGJIXIAO”ZUOWEIDANDUYIXIANGZHIBIAO。DISAN,ZAIYIJIZHIBIAOZHIXIAGOUJIANERJIZHIBIAO,BINGTONGGUOZHIBIAOYAODIANYUSHIYIJIAYIXIHUA,XINGCHENGGENGWANSHANDEXIHUAZHIBIAO。DISI,DUIZHIBIAOTIXIZUOGUANGFANYIJIANZHENGXUNYUSHIJIYANZHENG,BUDUANJIAYIDIAOZHENG、YOUHUAHEWANSHAN,ZENGQIANGQICAOZUOXING。

  (ER)QUEDINGSHICHANGJIANGUANZHUNZEXIANG:YIJUHELIYOU

金融行业  1.XUANQUQUEDINGDEYIJU

  ZHUNZEZAIZHIBIAOTIXIZHENGTIJIEGOUZHONGQITONGLINGHEMIHEZUOYONG。YINCI,TADEGEGEZHUNZEXIANGYINGGUANCHUANSUOYOUYIJIZHIBIAO,FANYINGJUYOUSHIDAIQIANYANHEFAZHANQUSHIDEWENHUAJIAZHILINIAN。

  JIANYUZHILITIXIDETONGLINGXINGHELINIANDEXIANJINXINGJIQIYUSHICHANGJIANGUANZHUNZEZAIFANGXIANG、LINGYUSHANGDEYIZHIXINGHEXIANGRONGXING,SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIZHONGDEZHUNZEXIANGKEYIJIEJIANZHILITIXIXIANDAIHUACHENGSHU、FENGFUDEYANJIUCHENGGUO。期货配资 WAIZHILIXIANDAIHUAYANJIU,CHULESHANGSHUODIDELIUGEBIAOZHUNWAI,OECDTICHUXIANDAIDELIANGHAOZHILIYINGJUBEILIUGEYAOSU:FUZEREN、TOUMING、XIAOLV/XIAONENG、HUIYINGXING、SIKAODEQIANZHANXING、FAZHI。[6]WOGUOXUEZHEYUKEPINGTICHUGUOJIAZHILIXIANDAIHUABIAOZHUNJUYOUYIDINGYINGXIANGLIHEDAIBIAOXING:GONGGONGQUANLIYUNXINGDEZHIDUHUAHEGUIFANHUA;MINZHU;FAZHI;XIAOLV;XIEDIAO。[7]HEZENGKETICHUDESIGEBIAOZHUNZESHI:MINZHUHUA、FAZHIHUA、WENMINGHUAHEKEXUEHUA。[8]QITAXIANGGUANGUANDIANLEISI,ZHISHIBIAOSHUYOUSUOBUTONG。

  CONGWOGUODANGHEGUOJIAXIANGGUANZHENGCEKAN,《GUOWUYUANGUANYUCUJINSHICHANGGONGPINGJINGZHENG WEIHUSHICHANGZHENGCHANGZHIXUDERUOGANYIJIAN》(GUOFA〔2014〕20HAO)GUANYUJIBENYUANZEDEBIAOSHUSHI:JIANZHENGFANGQUAN、YIFAJIANGUAN、GONGZHENGTOUMING、QUANZEYIZHI。GUOWUYUAN《“SHISANWU”SHICHANGJIANGUANGUIHUA》(GUOFA〔2017〕6HAO)TICHU,DAO2020NIAN“GOUJIANYIFAZHIWEIJICHU、QIYEZILVHESHEHUIGONGZHIWEIZHICHENGDESHICHANGJIANGUANXINGEJU”,“XINGCHENGTONGYIGUIFAN、QUANZEMINGQUE、GONGZHENGGAOXIAO、FAZHIBAOZHANGDESHICHANGJIANGUANHEFANLONGDUANZHIFATIXI”,BINGXITONGTICHU“YIFAYIGUIJIANGUAN”、“JIANYUEJIANGUAN”、“SHENSHENJIANGUAN”、“ZONGHEJIANGUAN”、“ZHIHUIJIANGUAN”、“XIETONGJIANGUAN”LIUYUANZE,QUANMIANZHANGXIANLELINIANDEJINBUXING。ZHONGGONGSHIJIUJIESANZHONGQUANHUIGUANYUDANGHEGUOJIAJIGOUGAIGEDE《JUEDING》TICHUYOUHUA、XIETONG、GAOXIAO、QUANMIANYIFAZHIGUOSIYUANZE,CHENGXIANXINGAODU。ZHEIXIEDOUCHENGWEIQUEDINGJIANGUANZHUNZEDEYIJU,YEYINGGAIZAIZHUNZEZHONGCHONGFENTIXIAN。

  TONGGUOCIPINTONGJI,SHANGSHUDAIBIAOXINGWENXIAN、ZHENGCEZHONGYUJIANGUANZHUNZEYOUGUANDECIYUGONG20GE,ZHONGFUCHUXIAN2-8CIDEYOU9GE,ZUIGAODESHI“FAZHI”,QICISHI“XIAONENG”HE“CANYU”。CHUXIAN1CIDECIYU,YOUYUDAIBIAOXING、DULIXINGRUO,KEBEIGAOPINCITIDAI;HUOSHUYUTAIDUXING、SHIXIAOXING、YUANZEXINGCIYU,BUSHIHEZUOWEIDULIZHIBIAOKAOLV。ZAI9GEDAIBIAOXINGCIYUZHONG,“YOUXIAOXING”YINTESHUDIWEINARUYIJIZHIBIAO,BUZAIZHUNZEZHONGKAOLV;“DETI”YU“WENMING”HEBINGCHUXIAN2CI,KEWEIXIANGGUANZHIBIAOHANGAI。YINCI,YIJUYOUGUANZHENGCE,ZONGHEDAIBIAOXINGGUANDIAN,JIEHEWOGUOSHICHANGJIANGUANDEZHINENGDIWEI、XINGZHITEZHENG、FAZHANYAOQIU,WOMENRENWEI“FAZHI”、“GONGPING”、“ZEREN”、“XIEDIAO”“TOUMING”、“CANYU”、“GUIFAN”7XIANGBIAOZHUNJUYOUDAIBIAOXING,NENGCHONGFENFANYINGWOGUOSHIDAITEZHENGHESHICHANGJIANGUANTEXING,SHIHEZUOWEISHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIDEJIBENZHUNZE。ZHEIXIEZHUNZESHIDANGDAIZHONGGUOSHICHANGJINGJI、MINZHUZHENGZHIHESHEHUIJINBUDEGUANJIANCI,SHIGUOJIAZHILIJINERSHIZHENGFUJIANGUANXIANDAIHUADEBIAOZHICI,FANYINGSHICHANGJIANGUANDEDANGDAIWENMINGYUJINBU。

金融行业  2.XUANQUQUEDINGDELIYOU

金融行业  DIYI,FAZHI,NEIHANGUIFANXINGHEZHIDUHUA,SHIJIANGUANDEJICHU,SHICHANGJINGJIYESHIFAZHIJINGJI,SHICHANGJIANGUANSHIWUFUZA,MAODUNJIANRUI,LIYIYOUGUAN,YALIJUDA,WUFAZHIWUYIZHIJIUYUAN。DIER,GONGPING,NEIHANPINGDENGHEZHENGYI,ZAISHICHANGSHANG,WEIGUANYUSI、HONGGUANYUGONG,SHIZHONGSHISHEHUIWENMINGJINBUDEYAOQIUHETIXIAN,ZIRANSHIZHENGFUZHENGCEZHIDINGYUZHIXINGDEMUBIAOZHUNZE,YESHISHICHANGJIANGUANDEJIBENZHUNZE。DISAN,ZEREN,SHIDUIJIANGUANZHUTIDEGANGXINGYUESHUHEYAOQIU,SHIZHENGFUZONGZHIHEDIXIANBAOZHANG。MEIYOUZEREN,JIUMEIYOUZHENGFU,MEIYOUZHENGFU,JIUMEIYOUJIANGUAN。DISI,XIEDIAO,SHIJIANGUANZHUTIHEXINGDONGDEWAIBUGUANXIZHIBIAO,CHANGSHIJIANGUANXINGDONGDERUANLEI,JUYOUKAOYANXING、TIAOZHANXINGHEJUEDINGXING,DUIZONGHEXINGJIANGUANLAISHUOGENGJIATUCHU。DIWU,CANYU,CHULEZHILIFANGSHISHANGDEYIYI,GENGSHIMINZHU、TOUMING、HUIYINGXINGYIJIXIAONENGXIAOGUODEYAOQIU。DILIU,TOUMING,YIJIGONGKAI,SHISHEHUIMINZHUHEWENMINGJINBUDEQUSHI,YESHIJIANGUANDEQIANTI、HUANJING、FANGFA、SHOUDUAN,BINGJUYOUJIANGUANTIDAIDEGONGNENG。DIQI,GUIFAN,SHIGONGTONGXINGHEZHENGTIXINGKAOLIANGZHIBIAO,FANYINGZHONGGUOSHIJIHESHIDAITESE。

  (SAN)ZHUNZESHIYI

金融行业  FAZHI SHIFALVGUIFAN,GENGSHIZHILISIXIANG。FALVGUIFANFANGMIAN,YAOZUODAO“YOUFAKEYI、YOUFABIYI、ZHIFABIYAN、WEIFABIJIU”,FALVGUIFANKEXUE、JIANQUAN、YANJINXIMI、JINBUHELI,ZHILIANGBUDUANTIGAO。ZHILISIXIANGFANGMIAN,FALVMIANQIAN,RENRENPINGDENG,YIQIEYIFABANSHI,GONGQUAN、SIQUANTONGYANGSHOUFALVYUESHU,CHENGXUFA、SHITIFATONGDENGFALVDIWEI。QIKAOCHANEIRONGBAOKUO:JIANGUANJIGOUDEFALVDIWEIMINGQUE,QIDULIXINGHEXIEDIAOXINGZUYILVXINGFADINGZHIZE;JIANGUANFALVTIXIJIANQUAN(KEYIZHUANJIA、QIYE、SHEHUIYIJIANCEPING);JIANGUANZHIXINGGUIFAN;SHEHUIJIANDUHEZIWOJIANDUYOUXIAO。

  GONGPING JIANGUANGUIFANHEZHIFACHENGXUYAOGONGPING,JIANGUANDUIXIANGZHIJIANYAOTIXIANGONGPING,JIANGUANZHUTIYUJIANGUANDUIXIANGZHIJIANYAOGONGPING,SHENZHIJIANGUANZHUTIZHIJIANDEQUANLIZERENYEXUYAOGONGPING。QIKAOCHANEIRONGBAOKUO:YINGSHANGHUANJINGHAO;SHICHANGJINGZHENGCHONGFEN;SHICHANGZHUTIPINGDENG;XIAOFEIZHEQUANYIBAOHUHAO;CHENGXINDUGAO;FALVZHENGCE、FALVZHIXING、PINGJIATIXIGONGPING。

金融行业  ZEREN JIANGUANZHEDEZERENSHEDINGYINGMINGQUE、QINGXI、HELI,NEIWAIZERENYUESHUJIZHIGANGXING、YOUBAOZHANG。QIKAOCHANEIRONGBAOKUO:JIGOURENYUANDEZERENXIN、SHIMINGGAN、FUWUXING、DANDANGJINGSHEN、GAIGECHUANGXINYISHIQIANG。

金融行业  XIEDIAO BAOKUOJIGOUSHEZHIDEXIEDIAO、ZHIZESHEDINGDEXIEDIAO、FALVZHENGCEDEXIEDIAO、JIANGUANXINGDONGDEXIEDIAODENG。QIKAOCHANEIRONGBAOKUO:XIANGGUANJIGOUZHIZEQINGXIMINGQUE;FALVFAGUIXIEDIAOHUBU;JIGOUXIETONGXINGHAO,YOUJIZHIBAOZHANG;GONGGONGMEITIDENGXIETONGXINGHAO。

金融行业  CANYU QIJUTIKAOCHANEIRONGBAOKUO:JIANGUANGONGZHIHEZUOGEJUXINGCHENG,FAYULIANGHAO;JIANGUANJUECE、ZHIXING、PINGJIADECANYUDUGAO。

  TOUMING TOUMINGDUCUNZAIYUZHUDUOFANGMIAN,ZHURUFALVZHIDUDETOUMING、ZERENFENGONGDETOUMING、JIANGUANCHENGXUDETOUMING、CHULIJIEGUODETOUMING、JIANDUFANGSHIDETOUMINGDENG。QIJUTIKAOCHANEIRONGBAOKUO:QIYEHESHEHUIDUIJIANGUANJIGOULEJIE、LIJIE、RENSHICHENGDUGAO;JIGOUDEXINGXIANGPINGJIAHAO;JIANGUANZHIFATOUMINGDUDEFALVGUIFANJIANQUAN;ZHONGYAOSHIJIANCHULIDE股票配资 FABUJISHI。

金融行业  GUIFAN SHIDUIJIANGUANZUZHI、XINGWEI、SHENGYUDEZONGTIPINGJIA。SHEJIJIANGUANZUZHIYAOSUDEJIANQUANXING、WANBEIXING、HEGUIHEGEJIPINWEI、GONGZHONGPINGJIADENG。QIJUTIKAOCHANEIRONGBAOKUO:ZUZHIJIGOU、GUIZHANGZHIDU、FALVCHENGXU、WENHUALINIAN、JINGSHENFENGMAO、XINGWEIGUIFAN、GONGGONGGUANXIDENG。

  (SI)ZHIBIAOSHIYI

  1.YIJIZHIBIAOSHIYI

金融行业  (1)JIANGUANZHENGCE。DUIYUJIANGUANZHEILEITESHUERFUZADESHIWU,JIANGUANZHENGCEJUYOUZHIGAOWUSHANGDEDIWEIHEZUOYONG。GUANGYIDEZHENGCEBAOKUOZHANLVE、GUIHUA、FALV、ZHIDU、BIAOZHUNDENGGUIFANTIXI,GONGTONGFANYINGJIANGUANHUODONGDEYIJU、MUBIAO、JIAZHI、LINIAN、FANGXIANG,YIJIXIANGGUANMAODUNYUGUANXIDECELVEDENG。JIANGUANZHENGCEYINGDANGZAIZHEIXIEFANGMIANJIAYIQUANMIAN、QINGXIDETIXIAN,YIQUDELIANGHAODEJIANGUANXIAONENGXIAOGUO。

  (2)JIANGUANJIGOU。JIANGUANSHISHIDEZHUTI。JIANGUANHUODONGYOUJIANGUANZHUTILAIZHIXING、LUOSHIHETUIDONG。JIANGUANJIGOUZISHENSUZHIJIQISHEZHICHAYIHENDA,XUJIEHEJIANGUANXINGZHI、YIBANGUIFANYIJIJUTITIAOJIAN、YIJULAIKAOCHA。

  (3)JIANGUANGONGJU。JIANGUANGONGJUSHIJIANGUANJIGOUHUOZHUTISUOXUANZE、CAIQUHESHIYONGDESHOUDUAN、FANGSHI、GONGJU、FANGFANAIZHITAIDU、JINENG、JIQIAO、CELVEDENG。JIBIAOXIANWEIJISHUSHANGDEXIANJINXINGYUJINBUXING,YEBIAOXIANWEIFANGSHIFANGFADEHELIXING、KEXUEXING,HAIYOUTAIDU、JIQIAODECELVEXING,YIJIJINENG、JIQIAODEYOUXIAOXINGDENGDUOFANGMIANDEYAOQIU。

  (4)JIANGUANGUOCHENG。JIANGUANGUOCHENGSHEJIDEZHONGDIANSHIJIANGUANSHISHIZHONGDECHENGXUHEXIANGGUANGUANXIWENTI。GUIFANXINGWENTI、GONGKAIXINGWENTI、CANYUXINGWENTI、GOUTONGXINGWENTI、MINZHUQUANLIWENTI、ZUNZHONGHUIYINGXINGWENTIDENGSHIJIANGUANGUOCHENGKAOCHADEDAIBIAOXINGWENTI。

金融行业  (5)ZHILIANGYUJIXIAO。ZHEISHIQIANSIGEZHIBIAOXIAOGUODEZONGHEFANYING,ZAIWOGUOSHICHANGTIXIHESHICHANGJINGJIQIANFADA、BUPINGHENG、WENTITUXIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZHUYAOKAOCHASHICHANGZHIXUHESHICHANGHUANJINGDEGAISHANZHUANGKUANG,XIANGGUANWENTICHULIJIEJUEDECHENGDUHECHENGXIANDEZHUANGTAI。ZHILIANGZHIBIAOJIBAOKUOHUANJINGZHIXUDEPINZHIZHUANGTAI,YEBAOKUOJIANGUANGEYAOSUJIQISUOGOUCHENGDEJIANGUANZHENGTIPINZHI。JIXIAOZHIBIAOZHUYAOKAOCHATOURU、CHANCHUQINGKUANG,ZHONGDIANSHIXIAONENGQINGKUANG。

  2.ERJIZHIBIAOJIYAODIANSHIYI

  YIJIZHIBIAOWEIXIANGYINGERJIZHIBIAODEQUEDINGTIGONGLEFANWEIJIEXIAN。ZAICIFANWEIJIEXIANNEI,GENJUSHICHANGJIANGUANLISHIYUXIANSHIDEZHENGCESHIJIANJINGYANJIAYIGUINAHECHOUXIANG,JIKEDECHUERJIXIHUAZHIBIAO。DIYI,JIANGUANZHENGCEZHIBIAODEERJIZHIBIAOYAOSUZHONG,LINIANSHIXIANDAOHEQIANTI,JIAZHISHITIXIAN,GUIHUA、FAGUIHEZHENGCEMUBIAOZESHIJUTIXINGSHI。JIANGUANJIGOUZHIBIAODEERJIZHIBIAOZHUYAOSHIFANYINGQITEDIAN、TEZHENGJIXIANGYINGXIAOGUODEDIANXINGSHUXING,BAOKUOZHINENGDIWEI、TIZHIGUANXI、ZHUANYEHUACHENGDU、JIGOUJIANDEXIEDIAOXIETONGDUDENG。DIER,JIANGUANGONGJUJIYAOJUYOUGUIFANHEFAHEXIANJINXING,YOUYAOJUYOUKEXUEHELIHEYOUXIAOXING,YIFANYINGSHIDAITEZHENGDEFADINGXING、KEXUEXING、XIAONENGYOUXIAOXING、CHUANGXINXING、FUWUXING、MINZHUXINGZUOWEIERJIZHIBIAOZECHENGXIANQUANMIANXINGDETONGSHIJUYOUDIANXINGXING。DISAN,JIANGUANGUOCHENGZHIBIAODEERJIZHIBIAOYIJIANGUANHEGUIXINGWEIQIDIAN,SHIJIANGUANZHENGCEZHONGXIANGYINGERJIZHIBIAODEJINYIBUYAOQIU。CIWAI,HAIYOUTOUMINGDUYUZHIQINGQUAN、JIANGUANJIZHI、HUIYINGXINGDENGKAOLIANGZHIBIAO。DISI,ZHILIANGJIXIAOZHIBIAODEERJIZHIBIAOYAOWEIRAOJIANGUANMUBIAOXIAOGUO,CONGHUANJINGZHIXUWENTIYUZHUANGKUANGYIJIZONGTIDEYINXIANG、KONGZHIXINGMUBIAODESHIXIANYIJITOURULIANG、MUBIAOJIXIAOKAOHEDEKEXUEXINGSANGEFANGMIANSHEJI,JUYOUJIAOYANJINDEZHOUYANXING。

  ERJIZHIBIAOXIADEYAODIANSHIYIZEJINYIBUXIHUALEXIANGYINGDEERJIZHIBIAO。

  (WU)ZHIBIAOTIXIBIAO

金融行业  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,JIEJIANOECDJIANGUANZHILIANGYUJIXIAODEZHIBIAOTIXIKUANGJIABINGJIEHEWOGUOSHIJI,JIEHE7XIANGZHUNZE,PEITAOTICHU5GEYIJIZHIBIAO、26GEERJIZHIBIAOYIJIXIANGYINGDECELIANGBIAOZHUN,GOUJIANCHUKAOLIANGSHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUADEZHIBIAOTIXI。

  结语

  SHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUASHIXIANDAIHUAGUOCHENGZHONGZHENGFUZHINENGFANGSHIDESHENKEBIANGE,GOUJIANYITAOXIANGDUIKEXUE、GUIFANDESHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAPINGJIABIAOZHUN,YOULIYUTUIDONGSHICHANGJIANGUANLILUNYUSHIJIANDEKEXUEHUA。BENYANJIUGOUJIANDEZHIBIAOTIXI,SHIWOGUOSHICHANGJIANGUANXIANDAIHUAZHIBIAOTIXIJIANSHEDECHUBUTANSUO,CHANGSHICANYUHETUIDONGXIANGGUANYANJIU。SUIZHEYANJIUGONGZUODEZHANKAI,GENGJUECHAJUHENDARENZHONGDAOYUAN。YOUQISHIZAIBENTUHUALILUNCHUANGXINHESHENHUAXIHUADENGFANGMIANTUPOBUGOU,XIWANGJINHOUYOUGENGDUOGENGHAODEYANJIUCHENGGUOCHANSHENG。

  [CANKAOWENXIAN]

  [1][YING]KELIN·SIKETE.GUIZHI、ZHILIYUFALV:QIANYANWENTIYANJIU[M].BEIJING:QINGHUADAXUECHUBANSHE,2018.4.

  [2]Description of Methodology of Worldwide Governance Indicators. http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.aspx#doc.

金融行业  [3]ODI. Making Sense of Governance: the Need for Involving Local Stakeholders. http://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/projects-docu­ments/241.pdf.

  [4]OECD.Policy Recommendation on Regulation Reform.Paris: OECD Publishing,1997.

  [5]OECD.Guiding Principles for Regulation Quality and Performance. Paris:OECD Publishing,2005.

  [6]OECD.Indicators of Regulation Management Systems.Paris:OECD Publishing,2007.

金融行业  [7]YUKEPING.HENGLIANGGUOJIAZHILITIXIXIANDAIHUADEJIBENBIAOZHUN[N]. NANJINGRIBAO,2013-12-10.

  [8]HEZENGKE.LIJIEGUOJIAZHILIJIQIXIANDAIHUA[J]. MAKESIZHUYIYUXIANSHI,2014(1).

  【JIJINXIANGMU:GUOJIASHEKEJIJINXIANGMU“JIYUXINYONGJIANGUANDEWOGUOSHICHANGJIANGUANJIZHICHUANGXINYANJIU”(BIANHAO:17BZZ034)】

  BENWENKANFAYU《ZHONGGUOXINGZHENGGUANLI》2019NIANDI8QI,ZHUSHILVE

[ 责编:李贝 ]
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7月31日拍摄的正在进行外立面装修的重庆仙女山机场航站楼(无人机照片)。新华社记者 刘潺 摄  7月31日拍摄的主体工程全面完工后的重庆仙女山机场(无人机照片)。
2020-08-01 10:26
盛夏,位于重庆市武隆区的仙女山国家森林公园吸引不少游客前来消暑休闲,人们在高山草场间乐享夏日。新华社记者 刘潺 摄  7月30日,游客在仙女山国家森林公园高山草场游玩。新华社记者 刘潺 摄  7月30日拍摄的仙女山国家森林公园风光(无人机照片)。
2020-07-31 13:32
7月30日,郭文英(左)在栎桥村文化礼堂整理活动笔记。65岁的郭文英是浙江诸暨枫桥镇栎桥村文化礼堂的管理员,她利用节假日组织当地青少年开展各类文化活动,被亲切地称为“图书奶奶”。
2020-07-31 13:32
7月29日在羊卓雍措(又称羊湖)拍摄的彩虹。盛夏时节,位于西藏山南市浪卡子县的羊卓雍措气候凉爽、风光秀美,令人向往。盛夏时节,位于西藏山南市浪卡子县的羊卓雍措气候凉爽、风光秀美,令人向往。
2020-07-31 13:32
塞内加尔卫生和社会行动部30日报告新增新冠确诊病例145例,累计确诊病例达10106例;新增死亡病例4例,累计死亡204例;新增治愈病例70例,累计治愈6725例。
2020-07-31 09:11
7月30日,上海市新冠肺炎医疗救治专家组组长、复旦大学附属华山医院感染科主任张文宏在上海接受采访。
2020-07-31 09:09
这是7月30日拍摄的辉腾锡勒(黄花沟)草原旅游区的蒙古包(无人机照片)。盛夏时节,位于内蒙古乌兰察布市察哈尔右翼中旗的辉腾锡勒(黄花沟)草原旅游区鲜花盛开,郁郁葱葱,一派迷人景象。
2020-07-31 09:09
2020-07-31 08:19
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